How to Crochet a Classic Granny Square – Beginner Tutorial

The granny square is a classic crochet motif that can be used to create all kinds of fun projects. In fact, it is often one of the first patterns a beginner learns to make when starting to crochet.

a finished basic crochet granny square

The basic granny square is a classic crochet design for many reasons. It’s an easy-to-learn pattern that’s straightforward and repetitive. Granny squares are simple to make, and quick, too!

Granny squares can be worked using one solid color, or a different color for each round — which is a great way to use up smaller scraps of yarn. It’s easy to transform the look of a granny square by playing with color.

You can use granny squares to make crochet blankets, scarves, bags, tops, cardigans and a variety of other easy crochet patterns.

How to Crochet a Classic Granny Square

In this tutorial, I’ll show you my favorite way to make a granny square. The squares stay square and flat, and the corners stay nice and open.

This basic granny square can be worked using a solid color, or a different color for each round. You can make it with any weight yarn, and a corresponding crochet hook.

What you’ll need:

  • Yarn – I’m using worsted weight
  • Crochet hook – I’m using a size H or 5.0mm

Stitch Abbreviations:

This tutorial is written in US terms.

ch – Chain stitch

dc – Double Crochet

sl st – Slip stitch

Granny Cluster, or shell: A granny cluster is a special stitch that consists of a set of 3 double crochets, all worked into one stitch or space. The clusters are separated from one another with chain stitches.

Different Ways to Start a Granny Square

There’s more than one way to start a granny square. You can start with a crochet ring, or, for a tighter center, use a magic ring.

Start in a single chain.

Chain 3, and make the next stitches into the first chain stitch. All of the clusters in the first round will be made into the first chain stitch.

This technique is simple and fast, but it can be a little tricky to fit all of the stitches into one chain stitch.

Chain Stitch Foundation Ring

Chain 4 stitches, and use a slip stitch to join your chain into a circle. Then work your first round into the circle. This method is quick and easy, but will give you a more pronounced hole in the center of your square.

Magic Ring (aka Magic Circle)

If you want a tight center to your square with no holes, use the magic circle technique to start your granny square.

We’ll be using the chain stitch foundation ring for this tutorial, but feel free to use your favorite!

Basic Granny Square Pattern

start a granny square but chaining 4 stitches, and joining them into a circle

Foundation Ring:

Begin by making 4 chain stitches (ch). Make a slip stitch (ss) in the 4th ch from hook to join into a circle.

completing the first round of a granny square

Round 1:

  1. Chain 3. (This counts as a dc.)
  2. In the foundation ring, work: 2 dc, 3 ch.
  3. Into the ring, work: (3 dc, 3 ch) three times.
  4. Join with sl st into the 3rd chain of the beginning chain stitches. (This completes the first granny cluster of the first round.)
working the second round of a granny square

Round 2:

  1. Chain 4. (This counts as 1 dc plus 1 ch.)
  2. In the next 3-chain space (aka the corner space), work: 3 dc, 3 ch, 3 dc, 1 ch. Repeat two more times for a total of three times.
  3. In the last 3-chain space, work: 3 dc, 3 ch, 2 dc.
  4. Join with a sl st to the 3rd chain of the beginning chain stitches. (This completes the first granny cluster of the second round.)
working the third round of a granny square

Round 3:

  1. Chain 3. (This counts as 1 dc.)
  2. Then into the same space, work: 2 dc, 1 ch (This makes the first granny cluster of this round.)
  3. Into the next 3-chain corner space, work: 3 dc, 3 ch, 3 dc, 1 ch.
  4. Into the next 1-chain space, work: 2 dc, 1 ch.
  5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 around to the beginning chain. Join with a sl st to the 3rd chain of the beginning chain stitches.
how to crochet the last round of a granny square

Round 4:

  1. Chain 4. (This counts as 1 dc plus 1 ch.)
  2. Into the next 1-chain space, work: 3 dc, 1 ch.
  3. Into the next 3-chain (corner) space, work: 3 dc, 3 ch, 3dc, 1 ch.
  4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 in each of the remaining 1 chain and 3-chain spaces. (Stop at the last 1-chain space.)
  5. In the last 1-chain space, work: 2 Dc.
  6. Join with a sl st to the 3rd chain of the beginning chain. (This completes the last granny cluster of the round.)

Now that you know the pattern, you can keep adding rows to make the granny square as large as you like.

Repeat rounds 3 and 4 to add more rounds to your granny square, until you reach the desired size. You can finish off at any time.

Finishing the Granny Square

Once you have completed your last round, cut your working yarn, leaving a six-inch tail. Pull the yarn through the last stitch.

Use a tapestry needle to sew in the loose ends.

Have questions? Join the Facebook Group!

I hope this tutorial was useful for you! If you have any additional questions, feel free to join my Facebook Group. I created this group for you to share your pictures, WIPs, ask questions, and help each other out.

Classic Granny Square

Classic Granny Square

Yield: 1
Active Time: 15 minutes
Total Time: 15 minutes

An easy crochet tutorial to make a classic granny square.

Materials

  • yarn

Tools

  • crochet hook
  • tapestry needle

Instructions

  1. Foundation ring: Make a slip knot and chain 4. Join into a circle with a slip stitch.
  2. Round 1: Ch 3 (counts as 1 dc.) Into the foundation ring, work 2 dc, ch 3. Work (3 dc, 3 ch) three times. Join with sl st.
  3. Round 2: Ch 4 (counts as 1 dc + 1ch.) In the next ch3sp, work: 3 dc, 3 ch, 3 dc, 1 ch. Repeat two more times. In last ch3sp, work: 3 dc, 3 ch, 2 dc. Join with a sl st.
  4. Round 3: Ch 3 (counts as 1 dc.) In same sp, work 2 dc, 1 ch. *In next ch3sp, work: 3 dc, 3 ch, 3dc, 1 ch. In next ch1sp, work 2dc, 1 ch. Repeat from * three times. In last ch3 sp, work: 3 dc, 3ch, 3dc, 1 ch. Join with a sl st.
  5. Round 4: Ch 4 (counts as 1 dc + 1ch.) In the next ch1sp, work: 3 dc, 1 ch. *In the next ch3sp, work: 3 dc, 3 ch, 3 dc, 1 ch. In each of the next two ch1sp, work: 3dc, 1 ch. Repeat from * two more times. In last ch3sp, work: 3 dc, 3 ch, 2 dc. In last ch1sp, work 2 dc. Join with a sl st.
  6. Add more rounds as desired. Cut yarn, and weave in ends.

Notes

  • This project is worked with the right-side facing for every round
  • Skip all dc stitches, unless otherwise specified in the pattern.
  • The slip stitch does not count as a stitch.
  • Did you make this project?

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    classic granny square motif

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